Commit 35934d55 authored by Sven Gestegård Robertz's avatar Sven Gestegård Robertz
Browse files

more on Avro in related work

parent 32e47b82
......@@ -560,6 +560,11 @@ Apache Avro is similar to LabComm in that it has a textual language
for declaring data, a binary protocol for transmitting data, and code
generation for several languages.
Avro is a larger system, including RPC \emph{protocols}, support for
using different \emph{codecs} for data compression, and \emph{schema
resolution} to support handling schema evolution and transparent
interoperability between different versions of a schema.
\subsubsection*{Data types}
In the table, the Avro type names are listed, and matched to the
......@@ -615,8 +620,8 @@ LabComm declaration \verb+byte[_]+, i.e. a varaible length byte array.
\hline
What & LabComm & Avro \\ \hline
Data description & Binary signature & JSON schema \\
Signature sent only once & posible & possible (stateful) \\
Signature sent with each sample & possible & possible (stateless) \\
Signature sent only once pre connection& posible & possible \\
Signature sent with each sample & possible & possible \\
Data encoding & binary & binary \\
\hline
\end{tabular}
......@@ -646,6 +651,65 @@ endianness and signedness.
... ...
\end{verbatim}
\paragraph{Avro Object Container Files} can be seen as a counterpart
to a LabComm channel:
Avro includes a simple object container file format. A file has a
schema, and all objects stored in the file must be written according to
that schema, using binary encoding. Objects are stored in blocks that
may be compressed. Syncronization markers are used between blocks to
permit efficient splitting of files, and enable detection of
corrupt blocks.
The major difference is the sync markers that LabComm does not have, as
LabComm assumes that, while the transport may drop packets, there will
be no bit errors in a received packet. If data integrity is required,
that is delegated to the reader and writer for the particular transport.
\subsubsection{Fetures not in LabComm}
Avro has a set of features with no counterpart in LabComm. They include
\paragraph{Codecs.}
Avro has multiple codecs (for compression of the data):
\begin{verbatim}
Required Codecs:
- null : The "null" codec simply passes through data uncompressed.
- deflate : The "deflate" codec writes the data block using the deflate
algorithm as specified in RFC 1951, and typically implemented using the
zlib library. Note that this format (unlike the "zlib format" in RFC
1950) does not have a checksum.
Optional Codecs
- snappy: The "snappy" codec uses Google's Snappy compression library. Each
compressed block is followed by the 4-byte, big-endian CRC32 checksum of
the uncompressed data in the block.
\end{verbatim}
\paragraph{Schema Resolution.} The main objective of LabComm is to
ensure correct operation at run-time. Therefore, a LabComm decoder
requires the signatures for each handled sample to match exactly.
Avro, on the other hand, supports the evolution of schemas and
provides support for reading data where the ordering of fields
differ (but names and types are the same), numerical types differ
but can be
\emph{promoted} (E.g., \verb+int+ can be promoted to \verb+long+,
\verb+float+, or \verb+double+.), and record fields have been added
or removed (but are nullable or have default values).
\paragraph{Schema fingerprints.} Avro defines a \emph{Parsing
Canonical Form} to define when two JSON schemas are ``the same''.
To reduce the overhead when, e.g., tagging data with the schema
there is support for creating a \emph{fingerprint} using 64/128/256
bit hashing, in combination with a centralized repository for
fingerprint/schema pairs.
\bibliography{refs}{}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
......
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